A dog’s health and welfare are inextricably linked, so if you look after your dog well, and deal with its needs, this will go a long way to ensuring your dog is healthy. Your dog’s regular care routine, should include washing and grooming, brushing its teeth regularly from an appropriate age, and clipping its nails.
If you’re buying a puppy, have it checked over and vaccinated by the vet before you take it home, then make sure you book your dog in for further injections, and flea/worming treatments. Fleas and worms are parasites that unfortunately are very common in dogs, and can easily spread. You have the choice of applying treatment yourself or visiting the vet.
Purebred and crossbreeds can be susceptible to other conditions and viruses, which vary depending on the breed. Many of the conditions affecting dogs are viral, and can be highly infectious and/or fatal. Symptoms to look out for include vomiting, passing blood, diarrhoea, fever, drowsiness, and loss of appetite.
A vet will be able to diagnose exactly what your dog may have, and offer appropriate treatment where possible. A dog reference book will point you in the direction of breed specific conditions, illness and disease, and how you can administer treatment for other things, such as cuts, burns and shock.